According to a recent study published in the scientific journal JAMA Internal Medicine, people in the United States are increasingly adopting a gluten-free diet. This is true even though the prevalence of celiac disease has remained steady.
People with celiac disease are the original adopters of a gluten-free diet. Celiac disease is a condition characterized by gluten intolerance, which, when gluten is consumed damages the intestinal lining resulting in bloating, chronic diarrhea, constipation, stomach aches, nausea, and vomiting, among others. There is no cure, so the only way for people with celiac disease to avoid these symptoms is to avoid these foods altogether.
But, if the prevalence of people adopting a gluten-free diet is on the rise, whereas the prevalence of celiac disease has stayed steady, there must be other reasons why people adopt gluten-free diets, right?
In this article we will explore some of the most popular reasons informed by science and pop culture that people decide to go gluten free.
First of all, what is gluten?
Gluten is a protein that is naturally present in wheat, rye and barley, and it gives the spongy or sticky consistency to foods like bread, cereal and pasta. In many ways, gluten is like a “glue” that holds certain foods together and gives them their elasticity.
What are some common sources of gluten?
According to the Celiac Disease Foundation, some of the common sources of gluten are:
- Baked foods
- Salad dressings
- Food coloring
- Brewer´s Yeast
- Rye bread
- Rye beer
Triticale (a cross between wheat and rye)
- Only if in contact with other grains. Must be certified gluten free.
4 Reasons why people without celiac disease adopt gluten-free diets
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